Headshot of Tiffany Hale


On August 1, 2023, Tiffany Hale, assistant professor of religion, published new research in a special issue of the Pacific Historical Review titled “Indigenous Religious Traditions and the Limits of White Supremacy.” In the article, Hale introduces the concept of fugitive religion as a new framework for understanding how displaced Indigenous groups after the United States Civil War fought for their existence. Hale argues that fugitive religion enabled Native nations to create zones of protection for the self and the community in an era characterized by acute racial violence. She highlights the Ghost Dance, a pan-Indian religious movement launched to reclaim Native American traditions and cultures, as an example of fugitive religion.